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2012年12月英语四级考试阅读预测模拟题

2012-12-20 00:00:00 来源:新东方在线四级资料下载

2012年12月英语四六级考试即将开考,在这最后冲刺的时间里,新东方在线为您奉上新东方2012年12月大学英语四级考试阅读预测模拟题!预祝大家考试顺利!

Part Ⅳ   Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)           (25 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

Thousands of people are dead in Japan. One of the world’s most 47 advanced and earthquake-prone nations is paralyzed by a 9-magnitude “megathrust”. It is the fifth-strongest quake in the world since 1900 and the most  48  on record ever to hit Japan, but not the deadliest.

And it could have been worse. It is still early to say if Japan’s strong building codes and early warning system endured the test of a major  49  . But the calmness the Japanese  50  after the quake has impressed the world. This is largely due to a  51  education.

From a young age, Japanese are taught how to prepare for and react to quakes via practical and creative  52  methods. One fun way kids learn about earthquake safety is from the cartoon character Maruko, a 9-year-old pupil. Schools in Japan  53  earthquake drills every month.

To help prevent chaos when an earthquake does hit, Japan has a number of  54  in place. For those  55  in buildings, all offices and many private houses in Japan have an earthquake emergency kit  56  dry food, drinking water and basic medical supplies.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
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Section B
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

    More than a minute before the earth under their feet began to shake, many millions of Japanese people got cell phone alerts; TV networks interrupted their broadcasts; The magnitude-9 earthquake which ruptured the seafloor off Japan on March 11 was the first major test of the nation’s earthquake early-warning technology. The quake is the most powerful on record ever to hit Japan. But because of the warning technology, the quake and tsunami were not as deadly worldwide as some in the past.
    Japan, which has what experts call “an earthquake culture”, has long steeled itself for “the Next One”. A 7.2-magnitude quake in Kobe in 1995 killed 6,400 people. As a result, the Japanese have decided to remodel their fragile islands into the place most prepared for an earthquake.
    As the search for survivors continues in Japan, it’s too early to quantify the benefits of the alert system. But the technology itself performed well.
    The early warning system which featured a countdown clock was broadcast via television, radio and cell phone eight seconds after the quake was first detected on Friday. The countdown left some viewers with the idea that the Japanese foretold an impending quake, according to experts. However, the early warning system is unable to predict quakes. It is based on thousands of sensors across the nation. The system works like an information collection center. It can note the earliest tremors among the mega-number of quake warnings. Then, the system (if the quake’s strong enough) sends out national alerts to all outlets that connect to a pre-recorded TV broadcast, pre-written text messages and e-mails.
    As many quakes happen deep in the ground or far offshore, the system can usually alert residents about 15 seconds before they feel the earth shake. That is to say, the farther you live from the epicenter, the earlier you’ll get the warning. However, even 15 or 20 seconds can be enough time for people to make life-saving decisions, Tom Jordan, director of the Southern California Earthquake Center, told the Seattle Times.
    But early warnings can also cause panic and cost lives. To educate the wider public about the system, videos from Japan’s Meteorological Agency dramatize scenarios. In one, a family reacts with fear and confusion and loses their chance to take cover.
    Another problem with early-warning systems is that they require many sensors distributed over a wide area. The greater the number of sensors, the more precise the calculation and the earlier the warning.
    But it all takes money. Building the network has cost Japan some $1 billion (6.6 billion yuan) since 1995. “For every 10 seismic stations we buy, the Japanese buy a thousand,” said Egill Hauksson, a geophysicist at Caltech in the US.

注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

57. Which of the following best express the author’s view?
  [A] Worldwide disasters are less severe than they were in the past
  [B] Warning technology contributes a great deal when facing natural disasters
  [C] Earthquake can often rupture the seafloor and damage early-warning devices
  [D] There were less people died in the quake and tsunami

58. Why did Japan decide to remodel the country?
  [A] because the technology performed too well
  [B] because the country is too fragile to withstand a minor earthquake
  [C] because too many people died in a previous disaster
  [D] because it was hard to quantify the effectiveness of the alert system

59. What’s the main function of the early warning system?
  [A] Foretelling an impending earthquake
  [B] Sending alerts to sensors across the country
  [C] Warning people after the quake took place
  [D] Connecting to TV broadcast

60. What does Egill Hauksson mean by saying ‘For every 10 seismic stations we buy, the Japanese buy a thousand,’ (Line 2, Para. 8) ?
  [A] the US has not attached much importance to the early warning system
  [B] Japan has spent millions of money on the early warning system
  [C] The US has fallen far behind on developing warning technology
  [D] The number of seismic stations of Japan outweighs that of the US

61. What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage?
  [A] To show the potential benefit of the early warning system
  [B] To stress that the early warning system is still flawed
  [C] To urge the US government to install more seismic stations across the country
  [D] To educate people to remain calm when earthquakes take place

Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
  California has a new program called the Digital Textbook Initiative.“Starting this fall with high school math and science, we will be the first state in the nation to provide schools with a state-approved list of digital textbooks.” That was Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in June. talking about his effort to get schools to use materials available free online. He listed reasons why he thinks digital textbooks make sense.
  California approves traditional textbooks in six-year eyeless. Digital ones can offer the latest information. They lighten the load of school bags. They save paper and trees, and make learning more fun and interactive. And above all, he said, they help schools with their finances.
  The state has had to make severe cuts in school spending because of deep financial problems. More than six million students attend California public schools.
  Earlier this year, California invited content developers to offer digital math and science materials for high schools. These had to meet at least 90% of the state"s learning requirements. Specially trained teachers examined 16 textbooks and approved ten of them.
  Six of the ten were published by the CK 12 Foundation, a nonprofit group that had been developing digital science and math books for about two years. The foundation paid teachers and other education professionals to write and edit them. The money came from a group financed by the Khosla Family.
  California cannot require schools to use the digital textbooks. Individual school districts will have to decide for themselves.
Susan Martimo, a California Department of Education official, says she does not expect widespread use right away, Her best guess is that some schools with a lot of technology will be the first to use them,  but only in addition to their traditional books.
School administrators point out that the texts may be free online, but students need a way to access them. Not everyone has a computer or electronic reader. Schools could print out copies, but that would not help the environment. Also, there is the cost to train teachers to use digital textbooks effectively.

注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

62. The Digital Textbook Initiative ________ .
 [A] will probably take effect in six years
 [B] covers all the high school subjects
 [C] has been approved by all states
  [D] is advocated by California state governor

63.The main reason for promoting digital textbooks is to ________ .
 [A] help save money
 [B] benefit the environment
 [C] provide interesting materials
  [D] reduce students' heavy burden

64. The digital textbooks were approved by ________ .
  [A] trained teachers   
  [B] content developers
  [C] Khosla Family   
  [D] CK 12 Foundation

65.According to Susan Martimo, digital textbooks ________ .
 [A] are not likely to have a widespread use
 [B] will soon replace traditional ones
 [C] will first be adopted by well-equipped schools
  [D] are certain to be approved by school districts

66.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ________ .
 [A] schools are reluctant to print out copies
 [B] the use of digital textbooks is not really free
 [C] students need to pay for computers
  [D] training teachers to use the textbooks is not efficient


2012年12月英语四级考试阅读预测模拟题答案

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