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2019年12月英语四级语法之同形异义词辨析(7)

2019-07-24 11:10:28来源:网络

  新东方在线英语四级频道为备考英语四级的同学们整理了2019年12月英语四级语法之同形异义词辨析(7),希望可以为大家带来帮助,预祝大家高分通过大学英语四级考试

2019年12月英语四级语法之同形异义词辨析汇总

  1. You should try to your ambition and be more realistic. (2004.06)

  A) reserve B) restrain C) retain D) replace

  2. They are trying to the waste discharged by the factory for profit. (2003.12)

  A) expose B) exhaust C) exhibit D) exploit

  3. Young people are not to stand and look at works of art, they want art they can participate in. (2000.06)

  A) content B) generous

  C) confident D) conservative

  4. Mr. Smith says: "The media are very good at sensing a mood and then

  it."(2004.06)

  A) overtaking B) enlarging

  C) widening D) exaggerating

  解题小贴士

  1. 【B】

  re-的前缀有again, back之意,re-(again)+serve(to keep)= 储备,保存,保留,预定;re-(again)+strain(to draw tight)=抑止,限制(再次拉紧);re-(back)+tain(to hold)= 保持,保留(保存在后面);re-(again)+place(to put)= 取代,替换(重新放置)。正确选项B,题目译文为:"你应该尽力抑制你的野心,并且更加现实一些。"

  2. 【D】

  ex-的前缀有out of, fully之意,它的变体e-也有此意。ex-(out)+pose(to place)= 暴露,陈列(放在外面);ex-(out)+haust(to draw)=用尽,使筋疲力尽(抽出);ex-(out)+hibit(to have)= 展出,陈列(用手捧出来);exploit vt. 开拓,开发(公之于众人之前的行为)。正确选项为D,题目译文为:"他们力图利用工厂的废弃物牟利。"

  3. 【A】

  con-的前缀有together, with, wholly之意,con-(wholly)+tent(to hold)=满足的,满意的(完全抓住);con-+fid(to trust)+ent(形容词后缀)=自信的,确信的(完全相信);con-+serv (to keep)+tive(形容词后缀)=保守的,守旧的(完全守住);generous慷慨的,大方的。正确答案A,题目译文为:"年轻人们并不满意站在一旁观望艺术作品,他们想要一些他们能参与的作品。"

  4. 【D】

  此题中一共有三个前缀,over-(above, across, beyond)+take=赶上,追上;en-(使成为)+large=to make large扩大,增加;ex-(out)+ag((to)+ger(carry)+ate(动词后缀)=夸大,夸张(超过一定程度的)。正确选项D,题目译文为:史密斯先生说:"媒体非常善于捕捉一些情绪的东西,然后再对它夸张处理。"

  1. re-=again, back

  recall vt. 回忆,回想,记起【re-+call=唤回】

  recede v. 后退【re-+cede(to go)=往后退】

  reclaim vt. 要求归还,收回【re-+claim(to cry out)=反复叫喊】

  reduce vt. 减少,缩小【re-+duce(to lead)=引导回归】

  refer v. 提交,谈及,查阅【re-+fer(to bear, to carry)=运回】

  refresh v.(使)精神振作,(使)精力恢复,更新【re-+fresh=使再度凉爽】

  regress v. 复原,逆行,使倒退【re-+gress(to walk)=向后行走】

  remedy vt. 治疗,补救【re-+medy(to heal)=重新冶疗】

  resist vt. 抵抗,反抗【re-+sist(stand)=站在……对面】

  2. ex-=out of, fully

  exhaust vt. 用尽,耗尽,抽完,使筋疲力尽【ex-+haust(to draw)=抽出】

  exhibit vt 展出,陈列【ex-+hibit(to have)=用手捧出来】

  expire v. 期满,终止,呼气,断气【ex-+pire(to breathe)=吐气 inspire鼓舞(吸气)】

  explicit a. 外在的,清楚的,直率的【ex-+plicit(folded)=向外折叠→表现在外面,implicit暗含的】

  3. com, con=together, with, wholly

  coexist vi. 共存【co-+exist=共同存在】

  concord n. 和谐,一致,和睦【con-+cord(heart)=同心】

  confront vt. 使面临,对抗【con-+front(forehead)=面对面】

  correct vt. 改正,纠正 a. 正确的,恰当的【cor-+rect(right)=使完全正确】

  4. over-=above, across, beyond

  overact v. 夸张表演

  overburden vt. 装载过多,负担过多

  overcome vt. 战胜,克服,胜过

  overcrowd vt. 容纳过多的人,使过度拥挤

  overlap v. 重叠

  overturn vt. 推翻,颠倒

  overwhelm vt. 淹没,覆没,受打击,制服,压倒

  5. im-/in-=in, into, on

  incline vt. 使倾向于,使倾斜【in-+cline(to lean)=向……靠过去】

  include vt. 包括,包含【in-+clued(to shut)=关在里面exclude除外】

  income n. 收入,收益【in-+come=进来的东西】

  infect vt. [医]传染,感染【in-+fect(to make; to put)=to put in进入病菌】

  inflate vt. 使膨胀,使得意,使(通货)膨胀,使充气【in-+flate(to blow)=吹进去→使膨胀】

  inhibit vt.(常与from连用)阻止,抑制【in-+hibit(to have)=持着→压制】

  insight n. 洞察力,见识【in-+sight=the power of seeing into】

  insert vt. 插入,嵌入【in-+sert(to join)=加在里面】

  implant v. 灌输【im-+plant=种入脑海中】

  imprison vt. 监禁,关押【im-+prison=to put in prison】

  6. sub-=under

  subject vt. 使屈从于……,使隶属【sub-+ject(to throw)=往下投掷】

  succeed v. 继……之后,继任,继承【suc-(=sub-)+ceed=跟随……走下去】

  suppress vt. 镇压,抑制【sup-(=sub-)+press=往下压】

  suspect v. 怀疑,猜想【sus-(=sub-)+pect=看下面】

  科技给我们带来的变化是无法估量的,从计算机到互联网:但我们仍然期望科技会更完善。

  He acknowledges the Internet he helped build is far from finished, and changes are in store to meet growing demands for multimedia. Network providers now make only "best efforts" at delivering data packets, and Crocker said better guarantees are needed to prevent the skips and stutters(口吃,结巴)now common with video.

  1. acknowledge: vt. 承认,答谢,报偿。 I acknowledge the truth of his statement. 我承认他说的是事实。

  【单词变形】acknowledgement(n. 承认)。经常放在一起考的几个单词:acquaint: 了解,认识;associate: 联合,结交;enlighten: 启发,开导

  2. multimedia: multi-的前缀有many和much之意,multi-(many)+media=多媒体;multi-(many)+ply(to fold)=增加,乘(许多东西重叠在一起);multitude:多数,群众,民众。

  3. guarantee: vt. & noun. 保证,担保。① guarantee(that) ② guarantee to do sth. Many shopkeepers guarantee satisfaction to customers. 许多店主对顾客保证满意。

  1. We should concentrate on sharply reducing interest rates to pull the economy out of . (2003.06)

  A) rejection B) restriction

  C) retreat D) recession

  2. His business was very successful, but it was at the of his family life. (2004.06)

  A) consumption B) credit C) exhaustion D) expense

  3. If people feel hopeless, they don't bother to the skills they need to succeed. (2002.12)

  A) adopt B) acquire

  C) accommodate D) assemble

  4. Their products are frequently overpriced and in quality. (2002.06)

  A) influential B) inferior

  C) superior D) subordinate

  5. The at the military academy is so rigid that students can hardly bear it. (2004.06)

  A) convention B) confinement

  C) principle D) discipline

  6. It was in the United States that I made the of Professor Jones. (2002.12)

  A) acknowledgement B) acquaintance

  C) recognition D) association

  7. All their attempts to the child from the burning building were in vain.

  A) regain B) recover C) rescue D) reserve

  8. If you need further information, please our office.

  A) constant B) construct C) contact D) contain

  9. White teeth are a sharp to black skin.

  A) content B) contract C) contrast D) contain

  10. The Car Club couldn't to meet the demands of all its members. (2001.06)

  A) ensure B) guarantee C) assume D) confirm

  Light as a feather, there is nothing in it; the strongest man can't hold it for much more than a minute?


本文关键字: 英语四级语法

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