Taking a dictionary, she began to prepare her lessons.(现在分词作状语)
Taken separately, the problems are not difficult to solve.(过去分词作状语)
The story is interesting.(现在分词作表语)
We are interested in reading.(过去分词作表语)
I heard him singing in the room.(现在分词作补语)
I heard the song sung by him.(过去分词作补语)
This is an amusing story.(现在分词作定语)
There are some fallen leaves on the ground.(过去分词作定语)
The moon has no light of its own, only sunlight shining on it. (附加说明)
She rushed out the room, the little baby carried in her arms. (伴随动作)
Maggie ran back to the kitchen, eggs held carefully in her hand. (伴随动作)
Circumstances changed, it is necessary for you to make a new plan. (表示原因)
A force acting through a distance, work is done. (表示条件)
Both bright side and dark side considered, you will have the confidence to overcome this difficulty. (表示条件)
All flights having been cancelled because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train.
There being nothing else to do, we went home.
There having been no rain, the plants withered.
It being impossible for most students to turn in their papers as scheduled, the teacher decided to give them another two days.
The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience _________on benches, chairs or boxes
A) having seated B) seating C) seated D) having been seated
So many directors_________, the board meeting had to be put off.
A) were absent B) being absent C) been absent D) had been absent
1. 现在分词(present participle)
Hearing the bad news, she fainted down to the ground.
Not knowing how to do next, they went to ask for his advice.
Having finished the homework, the boy rushed out to play.
When I passed by his room, I heard him singing loudly.(作宾语补足语)
He was heard singing loudly in the room.(作主语补足语)
I saw them leaving the party quietly.(作宾语补足语)
The book is quite interesting.
It is surprising that they are regarded as a social evil.
The game held yesterday was very exciting.
The man giving a speech was one of my former classmates.
Who is that guy looking so disgusting?
The exciting news spread quickly all over the country.
Having succeeded in the last examination, she was more confident of another success in the coming one.
Having found the cause, they were able to propose a remedy.
Having finished his homework, the boy went to play computer game.
Not having made adequate preparations, they thought it better to postpone the excursion till next week.
His parents having died, the orphan is now taken care of by the government.
The guests having left, they resumed their discussion.
The bridge being built now will be completed in three months.
This is one of the experiments being carried on in our laboratory.
Being surrounded by the students, the teacher was answering questions one by one.
If I correct someone, I will do it with as much good humor and self-restraint as if I were the one _________.
A) to correct B) correcting C) having corrected D) being corrected
Having been given such a good chance, he planned to work hard.
Having been experimented several times, this new product will be put into mass production.
All the compositions having been written and collected, the teacher dismissed the students.
Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy.
Using what you know of word stems and word formations, you can make a guess at the meaning of a new word.
The students went out of the classroom, laughing and talking.
Accompanied by his friend, he went to the railway station.
Given better attention, the plants could grow better.
He looked tired and depressed, visibly disturbed by the news of his mother's illness.
Not having enough hands, we turned to them for help.
(We didn't have enough hands)
Taught by mistakes and setbacks, we have become wiser and handled our affairs better. (We are taught/teach us)
Inspired by the International, the working people of all countries have been fighting for their final liberation.
(The working people were inspired/ inspire the working people)
_________the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge.
A) having believed B) Believing C) Believed D) Being believed
No matter how frequently _________, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences.
A) performing B) performed C) to be performed D) being performed
b) “while ( when, once, until, if , though等连词)+分词”结构：现在分词或过去分词作状语时，有时可以在分词前加while，when, once, although, until, if等连词。
When leaving the airport, she waved again and again to us.
While waiting for the train, I had a long talk with my sister about her work.
Once recovered, he threw himself into his work and made every effort to do it well.
Although working very hard, he failed to pass the final exam.
If translated word by word, the passage will be difficult to understand.
We will go on with our experiment as soon as we get the added fund.
This is really an exhausting day to all of us!
We can see the part of the moon lighted by sunlight.
After a night spent in excitement and sleeplessness, I forced myself to take a long walk along the beach the next day.
More and more developing countries established strategic partnership with developed countries.
The young sitting between my sister and my brother is my cousin Jack.
As early as 1649 Ohio made a decision that free, tax-supported schools must be established in every town __________50 households or more.
A) having B) to have C) to have had D) having had
d) 分词作宾语补足语：现在分词在see, watch, hear, observe, notice, feel, find, glimpse, glance等感官动词和look at, listen to等短语动词以及have, keep, get, catch, leave, set, start, send等使役动词后面与名词或代词构成复合宾语，作宾语补语的成分。
On the top of the hill, we could see smoke rising from the chimneys in the village.
The little boy sat beside the railway line and watched the trains roaring by.
We should not leave him wondering what he should do.
I am sorry to have kept you waiting for such a long time.
I caught him dozing off in class.
过去分词可以在allow, ask, consider, desire, expect, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, like, make, observe, order, permit, prefer, remember, request, require, see, urge等动词后面作宾语补足语。
After my encounter with her, I found myself greatly shaken.
You should keep her informed of what is going on here.
The teacher expected the students well prepared for the examination.
在动词see, hear, feel, watch, notice，perceive，observe, listen to, look at后既可用现在分词做补语，也可用不定式做补语。用现在分词表示动作正在进行，用不定式表示动作的全过程已经完成。
I saw Mr. White get off a bus.
I saw Mr. White looking into a shop window.
——Do you hear someone knocking at the door?
——Yes, I did. I heard him knock three times.
The film “Pearl Harbor” is really exciting.
I am excited about it.
His response to the question was quite disappointing.
I felt disappointed at his response.
4.2 过去分词(past participle)
The girl sat there, her head bent low.
Aroused by the crash, he leapt to his feet.
He entered the room, supported by his daughter.
I heard the door opened.(作宾语补足语)
She was glad to see her children well taken care of in the nursery.(作宾语补足语)
They should be kept informed of the going-ons here.(作主语补足语)
The audience were bored because of the tedious lecture.
The workers soon became tired.
He felt rather let down by their indifference.
This is a novel written by a 19th century writer.
All those fallen trees were carried down the hill on shoulders.
Throw away the broken cup.
来源 : 网络 2020-09-08 11:00:06 关键字 : 英语四级语法用法辨析
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