2020年下半年英语四级语法自测练习题:常用介词用法

2020-11-26 14:14:47来源:网络

  新东方在线英语四级频道为备考英语四级的同学们整理了2020年上半年英语四级语法自测练习题,希望可以为大家带来帮助,预祝大家高分通过大学英语四级考试。  

  2020年下半年英语四级语法自测练习题(汇总)

  1. The play begins at 6: 40 pm. So we have to be at the theatre ________ 6:30 pm at the latest.

  A. after B. around C. until D. by

  2. They held a ceremony ________ those killed in the battle.

  A. in honor of B. instead of C. in favor of D. by means of

  3. After finishing middle school, my sister did nothing ________ at home.

  A. but to read B. but read C. besides reading D. except to read

  4. Write your name and address on your bag ________ you lose it.

  A. in any case B. in case C. in no case D. in that case

  5. — ________ did the professor give you much advice?

  — The choice of a career.

  A. On what B. In what C. What D. For what

  6. I made coat ________ my own hands. It was made ________ hand not with a machine.

  A. in; in B. in; with C. with; by D. with; with

  7. He is running ________ the wind towards the east of the station ________ Tom running ________ the right.

  A. down; and; on B. against; with; on C. for; with; in D. with; while; to

  8. Not all of us know the difference ________ wheat, oats and barley.

  A. among B. between C. from D. in

  9. The young singer is quite popular ________ the public. She’s made a remarkable achievement ________ a girl of her age.

  A. with; to B. to; for C. with; for D. for; to

  10. The apple trees have lots of big apples ________ them. And some birds are singing ________ the trees.

  A. in; on B. at; in C. on; in D. with; through

  11. That woman will quarrel ________ everybody ________ anything.

  A. about; about B. about; with C. with; about D. with; with

  12. The weather this month has been good ________ .

  A. on the whole B. generally speaking C. above all D. on one hand

  13. We should divide all the potatoes ________ two piles and separated the good ones ________ the bad ones.

  A. from; by B. into; from C. into; into D. from; into

  14. They said the building would be completed ________ a year.

  A. after B. for C. in D. about

  15. — These boxes are too heavy for me to carry.

  — Here, I’ll give you a hand ________ them.

  A. for B. to C. with D. by

  答案解析

  1. D。从“戏剧在下午6:40开始”可知到达剧院的时间最迟不应晚于6:30。A项表示“下午6:30后到剧院”,C项表示“在剧院呆到下午6:30为止”,均不合题意。B项干扰性最强,around意为“左右,大约”, 但在6:30 pm后有at the latest“最晚”,二者相矛盾。C项by是not later than(不迟于)之意,整合题意。

  2. A。in honour of意为“为庆祝(为向. . . 表示敬意,为纪念”;instead of意为“代替; 而不是”;in favor of意为“赞成;支持”;by means of意为“通过; 用; 借助于”。根据句意“他们举行了纪念阵亡战士的仪式”可知答案为A(from www.yygrammar.com)。

  3. B。but, except 和besides都有“除…之外”的意思,但没有”,相当于not including. 另外,but后面可接不定式to do,但如果but前面有实义动词dbesides是“除…之外,还”的意思,等于in addition to; 而except, but 是“除…之外, o的任何形式,不定式省略to。

  4. B。in any case意为“在任何情况下”;in case意为“以防万一,如果”;in no case意为“决不”;in that case意为“如果那样的话”。句意为“在你的包上写上名字和地址以防丢失”。

  5. A。“教授给你提的什么建议?”“择业”。“关于…的建议”应用介词on。

  6. C。by hand意为“用手工”;with“用”, 表示使用的工具, 手段,如He hit it with a hammer.

  7. B。against the wind“逆风”;on the right意为“在后边”;介词with与一个复合结构构成短语,用作状语,说明状态、方式等。

  8. B。一般说来,between用于两者之间,among表示三者和三者以上之间。但有时说的虽然是三个以上的人或东西,如果强调的是两两相互间的关系,适用于between. 如:The soldier is hidden between the trees. 在谈论事物间的差别时总是用between.

  9. C。词组be popular with意为“受…欢迎”,for“就…而论,比较…而言”。

  10. C。介词on意为“在…之上,依附于”;in意为“(表场所,位置)在……之内 / 上”in the tree 译为“在树上”。

  11. C。quarrel with sb. about / over意为“和某人争论某事”。句意为“那个女人无论碰到什么事儿, 总是和别人争吵不休”。

  12. A。on the whole意为“总的来说;从总体上看”;generally speaking“一般说来”;above all意为“首先,最重要的”;on one hand意为“一方面”。句意为“这个月的天气基本上是好的” (fromwww.yygrammar.com)。

  13. B。divide…into和separate…from都有“把……分开”的意思。但前者指“把整体分成若干部分”,后者指“把连在一起的分开”。

  14. C。in, after这两个介词都可以用来表达“在若干时间之后”。in 可以用于将来时态或一般过去时态的句子中;after 用于一般过去时,如果表示某时刻之后或某件事之后,则不受时态的限制。

  15. C。答语中的them指前一句的boxes。Give sb. a hand with sth. / in(at) doing sth. 意为“帮助某人做某事”。

  2020年下半年英语四级语法自测练习题(汇总)


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