2022年6月英语四级作文写作技巧与亮点词汇句型

2022-01-21 10:38:00来源:网络

  2022年6月英语四级作文写作技巧与亮点词汇句型

  01

  满分写作技巧

  书面表达是中考的必考题型,主要考查考生的书面语言能力,考查考生是否具备较强的语言操作能力。它是英语知识的高度综合运用,是一种创新思维的体现,灵活性强,必须以扎实的英语基础为前提。它应符合以下要求:

  1.中心明确

  一篇好的文章,最起码的条件是有统一性,即主题思想明确。引用的每个材料,写的每一句话都要紧扣中心,为中心服务。写作时一定要牢记一篇文章只有一个中心,确保文章前后一致,主题明确。如某中考题要求根据两幅画的提示写一封回信,介绍学校的变化。有的考生一开始就点题:学校发生了翻天覆地的变化(Many great changes have taken place in this school.)。而从后面的语句看,并没有将变化的“巨大”体现出来,上下文矛盾,根本没抓住“巨大变化”这个中心。

  2.连续流畅

  中考书面表达要求文章语言通顺流畅。因此,句与句之间、段与段之间的衔接、过渡应自然,层次要分明,合乎逻辑。写作文时,要善于运用过渡词使文章过渡自然、和谐统一。如果考生恰当地使用了then,after,until等词来连接上下句,会使文章更通顺、流畅。

  3.语言得体

  “人靠衣装,零散文靠框”,文章的内容要靠语言来组织、表达。

  (1)写作时应尽量避免使用冗长、复杂、易犯错误的句子,用简洁、精练的语句表达,做到言简意赅。

  (2)写作前把要表达的内容整理归纳,理清思路,做到条理分明,要点齐全,切忌逐词逐句按汉语方式翻译,生编硬造。

  (3)写文章不是记流水账,在能清楚表达文章内容的前提下,尽量措辞有加,不时出现“闪光点”,这将为你的文章增光添彩。

  1.应用文,包括启事、通知、书信、日记、e-mail等形式。

  2.图表式作文,多为介绍说明性质,所以基本时态一般为一般现在时。一般情况下,题目会给出提示句。

  3.话题作文,通常会给出一个确定的主题及简单的要求,只要抓住主题所体现的中心思想,不出现拼写、语法错误,语言流畅,有文采即可。

  02

  亮点词汇+句型

  一、善于用衔接句

  ①表示列举和顺序:

  first, second, third ...; firstly, secondly, thirdly ...;

  for one thing ... (and) for another (thing);

  to begin / start with, next, then,

  finally / last / lastly / last but not least

  ②表示举例:

  like; for example; such as; as you know;

  as we all know

  ③表示语义增进和引申:

  again; also; and; and then; besides;moreover;

  in addition; what's more; what's worse

  ④表示对比和转折:

  but; instead; however; still; though; although; yet;

  while; on the one hand ... on the other hand ...

  ⑤表示语义等同和改变说法:

  similarly; in the same way; in other words;

  that is; that is to say

  ⑥表示过渡和总结:

  now; by the way; all in all; in short; in a word

  ⑦表示结果和推论:

  as a result; for this/that reason; in that case; so;

  therefore...

  二、句式应多样化

  ①用状语从句:

  As soon as I see him, I'll tell him the news.

  He didn't have supper until his parents came back.

  I was so angry that I couldn't say a word.

  He is such a kind man that we all like him.

  We didn't feel tired though / although we walked a long way.

  The boy saved every coin so that / in order that he could buy his mother a present on Mother's Day.

  You may use the dictionary as long as / so long as you keep it clean.

  用定语从句:

  The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.

  Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.

  ②用感叹句

  What a wonderful film we saw last night!

  How hard he works!

  ③用被动语态

  I'm not allowed to go out at night.

  Who was praised by Miss Li?

  The old must be taken good care of.

  ④他句型的使用

  By doing ..., you / we can ...

  I'm not sure whether / if ...

  I think / suggest you should ...

  In order (not) to ..., you / we should ...

  三、使用谚语为文章增色

  Actions speak louder than words.

  行动比语言更响亮。

  A friend in need is a friend indeed.

  患难见真情。

  A friend is easier lost than found.

  得朋友难,失朋友易。

  A good beginning makes a good ending. / Well begun is

  half done.

  好的开端是成功的一半。

  A good book is a good friend.

  好书如挚友。

  A man becomes learned by asking questions.

  不耻下问才能有学问。

  A mother's love never changes.

  母爱永恒。

  A thousand mile trip begins with one step.

  千里之行,始于足下。

  Confidence in yourself is the first step on the road to success.

  自信是走向成功的第一步。

  四、注意篇章结构

  合理布局一般为三段式:

  开始部分——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

  正文部分——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

  结尾部分——对全文的总结和概括。

  要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,覆盖所有命题要点、连贯。前后呼应,去除与主题无关的内容。书写工整,字迹优美,高分必备!


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