2013年12月英语四级真题及答案(第一套)

2015-05-22 11:19:59来源:网络

  2013年12月大学英语四级考试真题(第一套)

  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief account of the impact of the Internet on the way people communicate and then explain whether electronic communication can replace face-to-face contact. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  “Dear Andy — How are you? Your mother and I are fine. We both miss you and hope you are doing well. We look forward to seeing you again the next time your computer crashes and you come downstairs for something to eat. Love, Mom and Dad.”

  Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  1. A) The woman is now working in a kindergarten.

  B) The man will soon start a business of his own.

  C) The man would like to be a high school teacher.

  D) The woman is going to major in child education.

  2. A) The furniture has to be rearranged.

  B) The sound equipment has to be set up.

  C) The conference room has to be cleaned.

  D) The video machine has to be checked.

  3. A) She is exhausted. C) She cannot finish work in time.

  B) She is near-sighted. D) She cannot go straight home.

  4. A) The woman is too particular about food.

  B) He would rather have a meal an hour later.

  C) The woman should order her food quickly.

  D) He usually prefers ice-cream to sandwiches.

  5. A) He is not a good mechanic. C) He spends his spare time doing repairs.

  B) He doesn’t keep his promises. D) He is always ready to offer help to others.

  6. A) Sam has a big family to support.

  B) Sam is not interested in traveling.

  C) The pay offer by the travel agency is too low.

  D) The work hours in the travel agency are too long.

  7. A) International trade. C) Financial consulting.

  B) Product development. D) Domestic retailing.

  8. A) Go on a business trip. C) Make a ticket reservation.

  B) Look for a job in Miami. D) Take a vacation.

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  9. A) It is located on Route 18. C) It is a beautiful little town.

  B) It has an interesting museum. D) It lies seven miles east of Newton.

  10. A) They are in opposite directions. C) They are quite close to each other.

  B) They are fifty-five miles apart. D) They are a long drive from Norwalk.

  11. A) They are connected by Route 7. C) They have lots of old houses.

  B) They are crowded with tourists. D) They have many rare plants.

  Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  12. A) Bring him up to date on the current situation in Milan.

  B) Inform him of the arrangements for his trip in Italy.

  C) Fetch the documents signed by Mr Gartner.

  D) Accompany Mr Gartner to the Linate airport.

  13. A) About 8:30. C) About 5:30.

  B) About 6:30. D) About 4:15.

  14. A) Mr Gartner from Milan. C) The company’s sales representative.

  B) Gianni Riva at Megastar. D) Gavin from the Chamber of Commerce.

  15. A) Travel agent. C) Secretary.

  B) Business manager. D) Saleswoman.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16. A) She had a desire to help others. C) She needed some overseas experience.

  B) She wanted to find out more about it. D) She was interested in farming.

  17. A) Carry out a cultural exchange program. C) Learn Portuguese.

  B) Work on an agricultural project. D) Teach English.

  18. A) She found it difficult to secure a job in her own country.

  B) She wanted to renew her contact with the Peace Corps.

  C) She was invited to work as an English teacher.

  D) She could not get the country out of her mind.

  19. A) By teaching additional English classes.

  B) By writing stories for American newspapers.

  C) By working part time for the Peace Corps.

  D) By doing odd jobs for local institutions.

  Passage Two

  Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  20. A) Time spent exercising. C) Time spent on leisure activities.

  B) Time spent working. D) Time spent with friends and family.

  21. A) Reading. C) Eating out.

  B) Surfing the Web. D) Watching TV.

  22. A) Driving. C) Going to the pub.

  B) Gardening. D) Visiting friends.

  Passage Three

  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  23. A) The car driver was trying to avoid hitting a rabbit.

  B) The car driver was partly responsible for the accident.

  C) McLaughlin was talking to his manager while driving.

  D) McLaughlin’s carelessness resulted in the collision.

  24. A) He crashed into a car parked there. C) He tore down the company’s main gate.

  B) He knocked down several mailboxes. D) He did serious damage to a loaded truck.

  25. A) He will lose his job. C) He will be fined heavily.

  B) He will have to pay damages. D) He will receive retraining.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  When Captain Cook asked the chiefs in Tahiti why they always ate (26) __________, they replied, “Because it is right.” If we ask Americans why they eat with knives and forks, or why their men wear pants (27) __________ skirts, or why they may be married to only one person at a time, we are likely to get (28) __________ and very uninformative answers: “Because it’s right.”“Because that’s the way it’s done.”“Because it’s the (29) __________.” Or even “I don’t know.” The reason for these and countless other patterns of social behavior is that they are (30) __________ by social norms—shared rules or guidelines which prescribe the behavior that is appropriate in a given situation. Norms (31) __________ how people “ought” to behave under particular circumstances in a particular society. We conform (遵守) to norms so readily that we are hardly aware they (32) __________. In fact, we are much more likely to notice (33) __________ from norms than conformity to them. You would not be surprised if a stranger tried to shake hands when you were introduced, but you might be a little (34) __________ if they bowed, started to stroke you, or kissed you on both (35) __________. Yet each of these other forms of greeting is appropriate in other parts of the world. When we visit another society whose norms are different, we quickly become aware that things we do this way, they do that way.

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