2021年12月英语四级阅读理解真题及答案解析(卷二)

2021-12-20 16:05:45来源:网络

2021年12月英语四级阅读理解真题及答案解析(卷二)

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  Section A 选词填空

  According to tradition, the great English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare is born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1564. It is impossible to be certain the 26. exact day on which he was born, but church records show that he was baptized on April 26, and three days was a customary amount of time to wait before baptizing a newborn. Shakespeare’s date of death is 27.conclusively known, however: it was April 23, 1616. He was 52 years old and had retired to to Stratford three years before.

  Although few plays have been performed or analyzed as extensively as the 38 plays ascribed to William Shakespeare, there are few surviving details about the playwright’s life. This 28. scarcity of biographical information is due primarily to his 29. position in life; he was not a noble, but the son of John Shakespeare, a leather trader and the town bailiff. The events of William Shakespeare’s early life can only be gleaned from official records, such as baptism and marriage records.

  He 30.probably attended the grammar school in Stratford, where he would have studied Latin and read 31.classical literature. He did not go to university but at age 18 married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years his 32.senior and pregnant at the time of the marriage. Their first daughter, Susanna, was born six months later, and in 1585 William and Anne had twins, Hamnet and Judith. Hamnet, Shakespeare’s only son, died 11 years later, and Anne Shakespeare outlived her husband, dying in 1623. Nothing is known of the period between the birth of the twins and Shakespeare’s 33.emergence as a playwright in London in the early 1590s, but unfounded stories have him stealing deer, joining a group of traveling players, becoming a schoolteacher, or serving as a soldier in the Low Countries.

  Shakespeare died in Stratford-on-Avon on April 23, 1616. Today, over 400 years later, his plays are performed and read more often and in more nations than ever before. In a million words written over 20 years, he 34.captured the full range of human emotions and conflicts with a 35.precision that remains sharp today. As his great contemporary the poet and dramatist Ben Jonson said, “He was not of an age, but for all time.”

  26空前是定冠词the,后面是名词day,26空处可填入一个形容词修饰day。结合上下文,“不可能确定他出生的_____日子,但是教堂记录显示授洗是在4月26日”,所以填入不确定他出生的具体exact日子。

  27空在be动词is和动词过去分词known之间,是一个完整的被动结构,不缺任何成分,故可以填入一个副词。根据上下文,最后决定性地被知道了,填is conclusively known。

  28空在this和of之间,填入名词。根据this的指代关系,看前文few surviving details,知道几乎没有信息,填入scarcity缺乏、不足最合适。

  29空前是his,所以应该填一个名词。结合上下文,后文在介绍莎士比亚的家庭背景、社会地位等,所以29空可以填position,表示地位。

  30空在主语he和谓语attended之间,不缺任何成分,可以填入副词。这里可以填入probably可能,表达对他小时候经历的猜测。

  31空需要一个形容词修饰literature。根据意思可以选classical,经典的文学。

  32空根据前后文,想说他妻子比他大八岁,可以填入senior。

  33空在Shakespeare后面的所有格,应该填入一个名词。莎士比亚的出现emergence最符合上下文。

  34空在主语和宾语之间,缺少谓语。通过上下文判断这里是过去时态,应该填入动词过去式。在动词过去式中选,captured捕获、抓住了人们的情感。

  35空在不定冠词a后面,需要一个名词单数形式。Precision表示准确、精确,with a precision 整个作为状语说明莎士比亚能很准确的把握人类的情感。


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