2024年6月英语四级阅读理解专项训练:大脑的活动

2024-02-12 08:10:00来源:网络

  在英语四级备考的过程中,英语四级阅读是对学生深度理解、分析和应用英文文本的考量,如何高效阅读英语文章,下面是小编给大家分享的“2024年6月英语四级阅读理解专项训练:大脑的活动”,供考生阅读练习。

  2024年6月英语四级阅读理解专项训练:大脑的活动

  Professor Smith recently persuaded 35 people, 23 of them women, to keep a diary of all their absent-mindedactions for a fortnight. When he came to analyse their embarrassing lapses(差错)in a scientific report, hewas surprised to find that nearly all of them fell into a few groupings, Nordid the lapses appear to be entirely random(随机的).

  One of the women, for instance, on leaving her house for work one morning threw her dog her earrings and tried to fix a dog biscuit on her ear. "the explanation for this is that the brain is like a computer," explains the professor. "People programme themselves to do certain activities regularly. It was the woman’s custom every morning to throw her dog two biscuits and then put on her earrings. But somehow the action got reversed in the programme," About one in twenty of the incidents the volunteers reported were these "programme assembly failures,"

  Altogether the volunteers logged 433 unintentional actions that they found themselves doing---an average of twelve each, There appear to be peak periods in the day when we are at our zaniest(荒谬可笑的).These aretwo hours some time between eight a.m. and noon, between four and six p.m. with a smaller peak between eight and ten p.m."Among men the peak seems to be when a changeover in brain’ programmes’ occurs, as for instance between going to and from work." Women on average reported slightly more lapses----- 12.5 compared with 10.9 for men m probably because they were more reliable reporters.

  A startling finding of the research is that the absent-minded activity is a hazard of doing things in which we are skilled. Normally, you would expect that skill reduces the number of errors we make. But trying to avoid silly slips by concentrating more could make things a lot worse m even dangerous.

  练习题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1. In his study Professor Smith asked the subjects ________

  A. to keep track of people who tend too forget things

  B. to report their embarrassing lapses at random

  C. to analyse their awkward experiences scientifically

  D. to keep a record of what they did unintentionally

  2. Professor Smith discovered that ________

  A. certain patterns can be identified in the recorded incidents

  B. many people were too embarrassed to admit their absent-mindedness

  C. men tend to be more absent-minded than women

  D. absent-mindedness is an excusable human weakness

  3. "Programme assembly failures" (Line 6, Para. 2) refers to the phenomenon that people ______

  A. often fail to programme their routines beforehand

  B. tend to make mistakes when they are in a hurry

  C. unconsciously change the sequence of doing things

  D. are likely to mess things up if they are too tired

  4. We learn from the third paragraph that _______

  A. absent-mindedness tends to occur during certain hours of the day

  B. women are very careful to perform actions during peak periods

  C. women experience more peak periods of absent-mindedness

  D. men’s absent-mindedness often results in funny situations

  5.It can be concluded from the passage that _____

  A. people should avoid doing important things during peak periods of lapses

  B. hazards can be avoided when people do things they are good at

  C. people should be careful when programming their actions

  D. lapses cannot always be attributed to lack of concentration

  答案:DACAD

  以上就是新东方在线小编为大家整理的“2024年6月英语四级阅读理解专项训练:大脑的活动”的全部内容啦,预祝各位小伙伴顺利通过四级考试!


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