2024年6月英语四级听力短对话练习题:俄罗斯戒烟令

2024-02-12 08:18:00来源:网络

  众所周知,英语四级听力是对学生听力水平的综合考核,在四级听力考试中,考生需要迅速准确地理解并回答各种语音材料的能力。为培养学生对英语语音、语调的敏感度,新东方在线分享了“2024年6月英语四级听力短对话练习题:俄罗斯戒烟令”,一起来学习吧。

  2024年6月英语四级听力短对话练习题:俄罗斯戒烟令

  英语四级听力练习

  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19

  A.Few people there die from smoking.

  B.It has a very high smoking rate.

  C.200,000 people die from smoking each year.

  D.Forty percent of people there smoke.

  20

  A.A ban on smoking in all areas.

  B.A high charge on tobacco commercials.

  C.A rise on cigarettes taxes.

  D.A ban on the imports of cigarettes.

  21

  A.Internet can be a help to stop smoking.

  B.Most Russian smoking starters are teenagers.

  C.Smoking kills about two hundred thousand people.

  D.Smoking has made a big city disappear.

  22

  A.The government should pay attention to the female smokers.

  B.The government is not likely to pass the bill soon.

  C.The government can achieve its goal quickly.

  D.The government is not powerful enough to make it.

  Passage Two

  Hundreds of thousands of Russians die every year from diseases linked to smoking. (19) The country has one of the highest smoking rates in the world. The World Health Organization estimates that forty percent of adults in Russia smoke. That is about forty-four million people. The WHO says Russia is second in tobacco smoking rates.

  Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev wants to reduce the number of smokers in his country. He has proposed a ban on smoking in public places by 2015, and a ban on all tobacco advertising. (20) And he wants to increase the country's very low cigarette taxes—in Russia, a pack of cigarettes can cost between one and two dollars.

  Mr. Medvedev appeared in an Internet video about the issue. He said Russians must stop smoking. (21) He said about ninety percent of Russian smokers begin smoking before they reach the age of twenty. He said smoking kills about four hundred thousand people in Russia each year. He likened the loss of life to a large city disappearing from the country's map.

  The number of Russian women who smoke has increased sharply in the past twenty years. In 1992 about seven percent of Russian women smoked.

  Twenty-two percent do now. Prime Minister Medvedev says a bill putting the ban in place should be approved quickly. A Russian health ministry official told the news agency that the government wants to cut the smoking rate in half. The upper and lower houses of parliament must consider the bill. (22) Many experts say the government does not have enforcement power even if lawmakers pass the measure.

  19. What do we know about Russia according to the passage?

  20. What new measure will Russian Prime Minister take?

  21. What does the Prime Minister say about Russian smokers?

  22. What do experts think about the government's effort on stop smoking?

  参考答案:

  【小题19】B

  【小题20】C

  【小题21】B

  【小题22】D

  习题解析:

  【小题19】短文中明确提到 The country has one of the highest smoking rates in the world. 因此答案为选项 B。选项 A和 C和短文信息不符直接排除;选项 D比较有干扰性,短文中说的是 forty percent of adults in Russia smoke,并不是所有俄罗斯人的 40%,故排除。

  【小题20】短文中说俄罗斯总理希望俄罗斯的吸烟率能有所下降,并提出了一系列措施,其中一条为 he wants to increase the country's very low cigarette taxes,由此可知,提高香烟的税收是举措之一。因此答案为选项 C。

  【小题21】短文中提到 He said about ninety percent of Russian smokers begin smoking before they reach the age of twenty.由此可知,绝大多数的吸烟者在十几岁时就开始吸烟了。因此答案为选项 B。选项 A和 D和原文信息不符,排除;选项 C应该为 four hundred thousand people,故排除。

  【小题22】短文最后一句提到 Many experts say the government does not have enforcement power even if lawmakers pass the measure.由此可知,即使法案通过,专家们也并不认为政府有足够的能力来执行戒烟的法案。因此答案为选项 D。

  以上是新东方在线小编带来2024年6月英语四级听力短对话练习题:俄罗斯戒烟令,希望考生们都能取得出色的成绩。



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